Modena

Foreword

The primary purpose of any standard is to guide the breeder in his quest to produce uniform specimens that most nearly resemble the ideal. It follows then that this standard must also be the guide for the men chosen to judge our shows, and consistent evaluation in all sections of our scale of points is our goal. We hope to impress in the minds of all members that the Modena is a balanced bird with many equally important sections; that we should recognize and search for desirable traits and not be overly concerned with minor faults; that in the evaluation of each bird, the judge must adhere to the scale of points regardless of personal preference.

Size

Using a given figure of nine inches shall serve as an approximate for the Ideal Modena height. Seven inches to serve as approximate length. In breaking down to three parts: it shall be approximately three inches from the top of the skull to the low part of the back. The body profile, from the low part of the back through the body to be approximately four inches in depth with approximately two inches of leg extending below the body profile. Bird shall be as short as proportionately possible.

Shape

Chest broad, round and prominent, back wide at the shoulders, short and well rounded, not flattened, body to be deep, short, broad and cobby with rump broad enough to support the wings. The shape shall be well rounded in a graceful curve when viewed from any angle. The legs to be located in the direct center of profile.

Station

Proud and erect, with head held high, though not strained or stretched as from fright. Eye and wing juncture with body shall be on a perpendicular line. The tail to be curved upwards at an angle that would level at the bird’s neck at approximately one third the distance from the low point of the back to the top of the skull, or approximately one inch. The flights to rest as flat as possible on the tail.

Head

Shall be of medium length, approximately two inches from front to back on a level line of the eye and approximately one and one-eighth inches wide. Top of skull to be well rounded. Curve of head shall be graceful from beak to neck.

Beak

The beak shall be short and broad, approximately five-eighths of an inch from the feather line above the wattle to tip of beak. Dark colored birds to have dark horn beaks, light colored birds to have flesh colored beaks. Both types to be free of any discolorations. The wattles shall be small of fine texture. Recessive red to have light horn beaks.

Eye

To be very bright and prominent, iris, shading from orange to orange-red, with plenty of luster. Whites to have either "bull" colored or orange eyes. Eye to be approximately five-eighths inches from top of skull to the center of the eye.

Cere

To be fine and even in texture, with color shading to blend in with the color of the bird so as to be as inconspicuous as possible. Ceres on whites to be light red.

Neck

Of medium length or approximately three inches from the low point of the back to the top of the skull. It shall graduate in fullness from top to chest. No distinct gullet, but not pinched at the throat. Neck shall be tilted slightly back with no trace of neck shaking or over styling. The "stout bull-neck" is most desirable.

Wings

Short, deep tightly folded, carried well cocked up. Wing butts shall blend smoothly with the chest, with the tips lying upon the tail. Flight feathers to be short and broad. Covert feathers to meet on the back so there is no hole or open back showing.

Keel

Shall be as deep as possible, fairly short and curved with the contour of the body from front to back.

Tail

Very short and broad webbed. To be folded tightly. Tail to be curved in a graceful curve. Tip to be approximately one inch above the low point of the back. Tail shall be approximately one-quarter inch longer than the wing flight.

Legs & Feet

The legs to be approximately two inches in length. To be very straight, with thighs well shown. The legs, feet and toes to be a bright red and free of any feathering. The toes to be of fine texture and well spread out. Dark horn colored nails to be on dark colored birds and light flesh colored nails on light colored birds. Legs to be as wide apart as possible to keep the bird in proportion.

Feather Color

Color in all classes is to be very rich, lustrous and pure with much sheen. All self-colored birds to be evenly colored throughout. Where two or more colors are present on the same feather, these colors should be in sharp contrast to each other.

Condition

Feathers to be medium hard and smooth. Body to be well filled with firm flesh.

Disqualifications

-White, broken bull or unmatched eyes. (Bull eyes allowed in whites only).

-Split keel, completely white primary or secondary wing feathers.

-Completely white tail feathers (except in whites).

-Neck shaking while being judged.

-Wings carried below the tail.

-Extreme trimming.

-Birds sick or in otherwise poor condition physically.

-Faking in any manner beyond normal trimming and cleaning.

-Noticeable cleft in feathers on breast.

-Birds showing other than true Modena type.

-Disqualifications shall consist of white flights, bull eyes in other than white schietti and other than obvious Modena faults and so judged.