English Trumpeter

General Description

The English Trumpeter is a medium sized (similar to a Show Racer), double-crested (head and beak), muffed trumpeter. It has many colors in four basic patterns: self, splash, barred, and marked. The breed is distinguished from the other double crested, muffed trumpeter varieties by its short "cobby" low stationed body and relatively narrow tuft supported by side boards. It has a gentle behavior, rich "drumming" voice, and is a prolific breeder. The quality specimen of either sex always shows power, bullyness, proudness, style, type, and refinement. These distinctive qualities conform to the standard requirements in a harmonious manner producing a well balanced, powerful and stylish English Trumpeter.

Conformation Of The Head

The size of the head shall be medium to large while being in balance with the whole bird. The head shall be broad, full, and flat. When viewed from the top the head shall be broad, flat and wedge-shaped (wider at the back than the front). Great width at the back of the skull gives the head a powerful appearance.

Faults - Head shall not be too small (pinched) or too large, making it out of proportion and balance with the whole bird. From the top view it shall not appear elongated or lack a wedge-shape. Head shall not have any appearance of ovalness.

Crest

A desirable crest shall be constituted of the following:

Height - Crest feathers shall be as high as possible providing the crest is in proportion and balance with the rest of the bird.

Width - The crest shall be as wide as possible. Its width is determined by the head’s size, direction of feather growth, feather length, and wedge-shape. The crest’s distinct demarcation line (junction between the base of the crest face and skull feathers) and crest face (front row of crest feathers) emphasizes the width of both the crest and head.

Wrap - From the top view the crest shall be a semi-circular outline, wrapping around the back of the head and extending both forward and outward just beyond but not below the ears, ending in prominent rosettes (Note: see rosette section for description).

Cushion - The crest’s cushion (feathers located between the back of the crest face and top of mane) shall be as dense as possible and of the same height as the crest face. The cushion feathers shall blend smoothly into the mane without any break.

Placement - The crest shall be positioned on the highest point on the back of the head. Crest’s position shall remain stationary when the bird is being handled as well as in the judging pen. From side view the crest shall rise at a 90 degree angle from the skull with the top of the crest feathers curving slightly forward. The 90 degree angle will realize the crest’s greatest height potential. Crest’s demarcation line shall be distinct, defining the base of the crest face with a finely etched unbroken line.

Faults - Lack of proper feather length. Lack of density in cushion. No crest wrap. Crest placed too low. Relaxation of crest causing its displacement into the mane and/or neck feathers (too "loose"). Capping of the crest (falling forward).

Tuft

The tuft is a tassel shaped growth of feathers protruding from the front of the head towards the beak and curving over the wattle. The tuft is supported underneath and contained on both sides by sideboards (dense plumage that grows vertically at the rear of the beak). Sideboards curve slightly forward to prevent the tuft from being too high and dense enough to prevent it from being too wide. The wattle shall not be completely hidden by the tuft from the side view but it shall be hidden from the top view. The less skin showing at the line where the tuft originates the better. The bird’s eyes shall be visible from the front view without any obstructions. From the front and top view the tuft shall be neat and narrow. Tuft and sideboards shall be neat, dense, clean-cut, and have the appearance of a smooth, solid unit.

Faults - Circular or rose tufts as found on Bokhara or German Trumpeters. Tuft feathers that are swirled, twisted, or growing straight up. Lack of sideboards or when they are too prominent. Disheveled and sparse appearance of tuft and sideboards.

Rosette

The rosette is a small swirling outgrowth of feathers radiating from a tiny central point near the ear hole. There shall be two rosettes, one on either side of the head, marking the ends of the semi-circular crest. The rosette shall be approximately ½ inch in diameter. It shall be positioned at the bird’s eye level and as near the ear hole as possible. Rosettes shall be prominent when a bird is in the judging pen as well as when being examined in the hand.

Faults - The absence of one or both rosettes. Rosettes that are too large or too small. Rosettes placed too low or placed to the rear of the crest. Rosettes that are unequal in size, or uneven in shape.

Eye

Eyes shall be deep orange in all colors except: whites, baldheads, saddles, and those marked patterns where the head feathers are white; these markings shall have bull eyes (solid black). Eyes shall be clear, alert, and indicate robust health.

Faults - Non-orange eyes except: whites, baldheads, saddles, and those marked patterns where the head feathers are white. Non-bull eyes in whites, baldheads, saddles, and those marked patterns where the head feathers are white. Cracked, split or odd colored eyes. Wrong colored eyes to be a fault but not a disqualification.

Eye Cere

Ceres shall be narrow and as fine in texture as possible. Ceres shall be flesh color in all colors except: blacks, blues, lavenders, mealies, and silvers which shall be grayish in color.

Faults - Ceres that are too wide and coarse in texture. Non-flesh color ceres except: blacks, blues, mealies, and silvers. Bright red ceres, especially in whites and baldheads, are to be avoided. Feathers missing around the eye making it appear too prominent.

Wattle

Wattle shall be small, white, and fine in texture.

Faults - Too large, non-white, and coarse in texture.

Beak

Beak shall be medium in length with good substance and width. Angle of beak setting to be slightly declining (less than straight).

Faults - Too long or too short. Too wide or too narrow. Not substantial in appearance. Improper angle of beak setting: too low or horizontal.

Neck

The neck is the area located between the bottom of the head and the chest. It shall be short, stout and well-developed, showing "bullyness" and power. The neck length shall range from 1" to 1 ¾". The neck shall be in proportion to the size of the bird. It shall have enough length (1") and taper to make it clearly distinguishable from the head and chest. The neck shall gradually enlarge from the bottom of the head to the chest from any point of view. It shall be slightly arched when viewed from the side in order to give the bird a proud, graceful appearance.

Faults - A neck longer than 1 ¾" or shorter than 1" from chest to bottom of the head. A neck so short as to appear that the head sits on the shoulders. A neck so long as to appear gangly. It shall not be thin or snakey. The neck must not lack taper or cut back sharply under the beak.

Mane

The mane consists of horizontal feathers, on each side of the head, extending backwards from the ear areas and meeting under the base of the cushion and above the neck feathers. The mane feathers shall be long enough to blend harmoniously into the crest cushion and neck as well as complete the mane. It shall have enough feathers to give a dense appearance. Mane feathers must have the quill strength to give the effect of tightness.

Faults - Mane feathers that are too short or lack strength. Loose plumage, lacking density. A gap in the mane when its two sides do not meet and blend together. A "break" between the neck feathers and the crest cushion that disrupts their continuity.

Body

Body conformation and weight -The body shall be short, cobby, and heart-shaped when viewed from the back. This heart-shape shall be created by the bird’s broad shoulder tapering down to where the wing tips meet. From the side view the distance between the underbody and back shall be as deep as possible. Body shall both appear and be heavy, firm, and robust.
Faults: Narrow shoulders. Insufficient chest to back measurement (caused by lack of underbody). The bird shall not appear to be, or actually be, light.

Chest/underbody - The chest shall be prominent and its lower underbody area shall be as deep as possible preventing daylight from showing between the bird’s legs. From the front view it shall be full, wide, and deep. The underbody shall conceal the space between the legs. The shape of the chest shall be well rounded in a graceful curve when viewed from any angle. The chest feathers shall cover the wing butts.
Faults: Exposed wing butts. Narrow chest from the front view. Shallow underbody. Flat chest. Broody or over-filled crop appearance.

Back - The back shall be broad and flat at the shoulders (no hollowness or roundness) and taper to the end of the rump pad, giving it an appearance of width and strength. The rump pad shall be broad and full.
Faults: Narrow shoulders. Lack of flatness, i.e. hollow or round back. Insufficient taper. A rump that is too small and lacking in density of cushion.

Wings - The wings shall fit tightly to the curvature of the body and always be carried on the top of the tail. Wing butts shall be hidden by chest feathers. Wing flights shall end ½ inch from the tip of the tail. The flights shall lie flat on the tail from the rump to the wing tips.
Faults: Exposed wing butts. Flights not lying flat on the tail from the rump to the wing tips (these are called "sideboards"; not to be confused with the sideboard of the tuft). Flights dragging or falling below the tail. Lack of feather cover from shoulder to rump. Crossed wing flights. Flights extending beyond ½ inch from inside the tip of the tail. Any missing primary feathers.

Tail - The tail shall be 1 to 1 ½ feathers wide. It shall be short, extending ½ inch beyond wing tips. A short tail and short flights in balance with each other are necessary ingredients in having a short, cobby body. The angle of the tail shall be a continuation of the 45 degree body angle. Tip of the tail shall barely clear the floor.
Faults: Tail wider than 1 ½ feathers ("shovel tail"). Tail that extends more than ½ inch past the end of the wing tips. Tail that consistently touches the ground. Less or more than 12 tail feathers.

Muffs & Hocks

The muff shall consist of three layers of circular rows of feathers. The first row on the ground is the longest and is covered by the second and third layer, each of which is respectively shorter. Each muff shall have a round shape, dense plumage, and lay flat on the ground. They shall be as big as possible providing they are in proportion and balance with the rest of the bird. The circular outline of the muffs shall be continuous without any break ("split"). The feet, toes, and legs shall be completely hidden by muff feathers. The bird shall have good control of its muffs and shall be able to walk without stumbling. The hock is made up of feathers above the leg joint that extend rearward, parallel to the wing flights, ending at the rear of the back muff feathers. There shall be no space between the hocks and muffs, this provides the desired appearance of continuity between muffs, hocks, and body.

Faults - Space between muff feathers ("split"). Any feather not laying flat (twisted or inverted feathers). Non-circular shape (especially when the muff’s front feathers are longer than the others). Broken or frizzled feather caused by weak quill strength. Hock feathers longer or shorter than the back edge of the muff. Any break between hock and muff.

Station of legs

Station refers to the position or bearing of the bird while standing. The back (shoulders to rump) shall be at a 45 degree angle to the ground. The tip of the tail shall be as low as possible without touching the ground. The angle of the full rounded chest shall rise gradually and blend with the short, stout neck giving the bird a proud, alert appearance. The length of the legs and their setting are important features that influence the station of the English Trumpeter. Legs shall be short, the underbody at the leg setting shall be 1 inch from the ground. Legs shall be set relatively wide apart to give the appearance of stability and power. It is very important that the English Trumpeter be calm and alert, yet poised in the judging pen, positioning itself so as to advantageously show all its features.

Faults - The angle of the back being more or less than 45 degrees. Listless station. Legs more or less than 1 inch from the floor. Legs set too far apart giving bow legged appearance. Legs set too close together so that walking is impaired. Legs that show lameness or deformity. A tail that consistently touches the ground. Rearing back and sitting on the tail. Wild or nervous, not showing feathers advantageously while being judged. A general lack of proudness or elegance ("type" or "style").

Condition of plumage

Feathers (plumage) shall be close fitting, giving an even smooth appearance. They shall be clean and shiny. Feathers shall be free of any signs of lice, mites, pigeon flies, or other parasites. Each feather shall not be broken, bent, or frayed.

Faults - Soiled, frayed, broken, bent, or loose fitting feathers. Presence of parasites (lice, mites, pigeon flies, etc.). Feathers damaged by parasites. Feathers not completely grown ("green", moulty, or "unfinished").

Disqualifications:

- Birds showing any evidence of cross-breeding (allowed only in genetic class).

- Stained beak in whites only.

- Excessive plucking, i.e. leaving a noticeable bare spot or any other artificial alteration such as scissoring of feathers (most commonly in crest area).

- Three or more wing flights, or primary tail feathers not full grown (or missing), thus making the bird appear shorter than it is.

- Sickness or serious physical deformity.